Here’s Your One-Stop Guide to Everything About Cybersecurity

what is cybersecurity

Intelligent cloud security solutions keep customer data protected while embracing new technology. There is an increasing reliance on next-generation technology in this world. The best strategy to protect customer data is impenetrable strategies. This prevents unauthorized access. And that’s right where the application of cybersecurity comes in.


Cybersecurity is the practice of technologies, processes, and controls that protect critical systems, networks, programs, and sensitive information from digital attacks. This practice against cyber attacks is also known as Information Technology (IT) security or Electronic Information Security.

Cybersecurity measures combat threats to networked systems and applications. It doesn’t matter if these threats occur inside or outside your organization. Reducing the risk of cyberattacks protects against the unauthorized exploitation of digital systems.

The context of the term varies. The basis of which is applications such as business or mobile computing. On the whole, it can be divided into the following:

  • Network security: For securing a computer network from encroachers, ranging from targeted attackers or opportunistic malware.
  • Application security: For successful security, it has to begin from the design stage, even before the program is deployed. By focusing on keeping the software and devices clean from threats, it protects the designed data. 
  • Information security: Whether in storage or transit, this focuses on protecting the integrity and privacy of the data. 
  • Operational security: This covers the nature and storage of data, and the permissions users have when accessing a network. 

The IBM Data Breach Report 2021 highlights the trend that “data breach costs rose from USD 3.86 million to USD 4.24 million, the highest average total cost in the 17-year history of this report.”

Personally identifiable information (PII) includes names, addresses, national identification numbers, and credit card information. By targeting this, cybercriminals sell records in underground digital marketplaces. Compromised PII often leads to a loss of customer trust, regulatory fines, and even legal action. The expenses relate to discovering and responding to the breach, the cost of downtime and lost revenue, and the long-term reputational damage to a business and its brand.

Remote-working following covid protocols also increased the cost as it was a factor in the rise of breaches. Deploying automation and security AI there was a cost reduction of up to 3.81 USD.

Organizations require a strong and comprehensive cybersecurity practice. This enables advanced automation to fight cyber threats more effectively. It also empowers a good security posture against malicious attacks. The report reflects these trends in the industry. There is an urging need for solid investments to the field of cybersecurity and training.


There is a demand and rise of users, devices, and programs, with digital data that is sensitive or confidential in the modern economy. In addition, the big business of cybercrime and sophistication of cyber attackers has is an ever-growing market. This has compounded the need and importance of cybersecurity. 

With the threat landscape evolving at the get-go, traditional reactive approaches hardly hold against bigger known threats. A more proactive and adaptive approach is the only sufficient tactic to keep up with the change in security risks.

Truth be told, whether you’re an individual, small business, or multinational, the rise in cloud services and the Internet of Things (IoT) make you vulnerable to cyber threats unless you take a zero-trust approach to tackle them. This shines light on the importance of cybersecurity training and awareness for everyone with a digital footprint.

The importance of cybersecurity is on the rise, and can be linked mainly to the following reasons:

The rising costs of cyber security breaches: 

Financial costs like reputational damages to brands as well as legal liabilities indicate the importance of investing in automated resources and employee skillsets that tackle security breaches.  

Cybercrime as a growing business and the increasing sophisticated cyber attacks:

With attackers using evolving tactics, cyber-attacks have only continued to grow in sophistication. Some of these fall under social engineering, malware, and ransomware.

After surveying 1,500 decision-makers in government and businesses, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), partnered with McAfee to showcase The Hidden Costs of Cybercrime (2020). Along with assessing the internal challenges in mitigating threats, the report also collected data that on a global scale, that a global loss of more than $1 trillion each year is suffered due to cyber attacks.

Cyber security to limit attacks on business operations and data breaches

The application of cybersecurity is now a board-level issue. Cybersecurity oversight is a risk financial institutions are not willing to take. With new regulations and reporting requirements, the board needs assurance that the management has fine-tuned the cyber risk strategies to limit any operational impacts. In summation, it strengthens regulatory compliance and business continuity.

Other benefits of cybersecurity include protection for data and networks, prevention of unauthorized user access, and protection for end users and endpoint devices.


With an increasing number of data breaches each year, the global cyber threat is evolving at a rapid rate. The most breaches occurred in medical services, retail, and government institutions, with malevolent criminals being accountable for the majority of them. Because they gather financial and medical data, some of these industries are particularly interesting to cybercriminals, but any company that uses a network might be targeted for data theft, corporate espionage, or consumer assaults.

The International Data Corporation estimates that global spending on cyber-security solutions will reach a whopping $133.7 billion by 2022, as the scope of the cyber threat continues to grow. Governments all around the world have issued recommendations to assist businesses to establish appropriate cyber-security measures in response to the growing cyber threat. It’s never been more critical to handle information risk.

The Impact of Cybercrime


In order to protect information and other assets from cyberthreats, it is important to keep up with technologies, security trends, and threat intelligence. From phishing, social engineering, and a Denial of Service Attack, cyberterrorism undermines electronic systems to cause panic or fear. 

Take a look into the different types of cybersecurity threats here.


While cyber security mainly includes preventative measures like firewalls, data protection, and other countermeasures, the purpose remains that it is applied to reduce threats, vulnerabilities, and the attack surface by improving data security and application security. 

Timely discovery and reporting of issues are one of the key steps in implementing corrective measures. But the fact of the matter remains that, to date, relatively few organizations have the expertise to maintain effective systems to detect. Even fewer have organized response mechanisms. This makes the exposure of sensitive information too easy. Companies are now encouraged to turn to more sophisticated platforms. 

Here’s an in-depth look into all the cyber security defense mechanisms that can be deployed to mitigate cybercrime.

Careers and Opportunities in Cyber Security

All the above data only strengthens the fact that cyber security is one of the fast-growing career paths. Individuals with an adept skillset in cybersecurity are increasingly in demand. 

Careers in cybersecurity has packages that match, if not exceed, that of jobs such as doctors, engineers and lawyers. Most packages in India start with a monthly salary of INR 1 lakh, and within less than 2-3 years, compound to at least triple this income. All this to say, the perks of a career in cybersecurity are truly endless.

Here a look at a few typical cyber security job titles and roles:

Security Analyst

A security analyst’s responsibilities include planning security measures, protecting digital files, security audits (both internal and external), and most importantly analyzing and assessing damages to software. The tools and countermeasures are used to assess and analyze the vulnerabilities as a result of a breach, and the security analyst then recommends solutions. 

Security Engineer

The job role includes performing security monitoring, log analysis, and forensic analysis. This detects any security incidents that protect company assets. One of the main focuses is on quality control permeating the IT infrastructure.

Security Architect

Security architects are mainly responsible for planning and designing security systems. They may also lead the design team to create and modify security systems. Security They also test, maintain and support an enterprise’s critical infrastructure.

Security Administrator

On a larger scale, a security administrator installs and manages organization-wide security systems, while on a smaller scale the role can also shift to that of a security analyst.

Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

Responsible for the information security division of a company, the Chief Information Officer (CISO) is the individual who implements the security program across and oversees the operations of IT security departments. 

Security Consultant/Specialist/Intelligence

These titles generally encompass one or more roles that are tasked with protecting computers, networks, software and sensitive data against viruses, malware, intrusion detection, unauthorized access, denial of service (DoS), and an ever-increasing list of cyberattacks. 

Penetration testers

The title consists of ethical hackers testing system securities and seeking vulnerabilities that could be exploited by malicious hackers. 

Threat Hunters

This job role falls under threat analysts who aim to uncover vulnerabilities and employ prevention strategies before they impact a business.

Other cybersecurity careers include security consultants, data protection officers, cloud security architects, security operations manager (SOC) managers and analysts, security investigators, cryptographers, and security administrators.

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