Does one need to know programming to learn Cybersecurity?


If you are on the path to making your career in the field of cybersecurity, an essential question comes into mind, which is, if you require excellent coding skills to get into this field.


Entry-level jobs in the field of Cyber Security, the majority of them in general, do not require prior knowledge of programming. However, one can determine your growth prospects by your programming skills. Besides, there are specific domains in this field where you would require programming.

Domains that require Programming:

1.Offensive & Defensive Cyber Security:

  • This field requires the ability to write and execute codes. 

2.Code Security:

  • This is securing software and writing secure codes. One needs to know the technique to write codes that are encrypted and secure the task being executed by those instructions. Coders use cryptography techniques.

3.Malware Analysis:

  • Malware means malicious software. One of the most common cyber threats, malware is software that a cybercriminal or hacker has created to disrupt or damage a legitimate user’s computer. In this domain, the origin, nature, and the task being executed by malware is studied. Malware can be a virus, Trojan horse, botnets, adware, spyware, etc.

4.Penetration Testing:

  • It is also known as Ethical Hacking. This is used to find latches and loopholes in the security system. These loopholes make a computer system, network, or web application vulnerable and compromise their security. 

5.Reverse Engineering:

  • We use it in software designing to incorporate new features into existing software. Obviously, this would require coding. It is used to check if the system has any security flaws or vulnerabilities.

6.Software Development :

  • This includes building firewall structures to defend a system, anti-viruses, and cryptographic tools.

Domains that DO NOT require Programming:

1.Security Architecture:

  • Cybersecurity architecture (a.k.a. cybersecurity architecture, network security architecture, or cyber architecture for short) specifies the organizational structure, functional behavior, standards, and policies of a computer network that includes both network and security features. It specifies the use of security controls.

2.Vulnerability and Patch Management:

  • The purpose of the Patch Management policy is to identify controls and processes that will provide appropriate protection against threats that could adversely affect the security of the information system or data entrusted on the information system. Effective implementation of these controls will create a consistently configured environment that is secure against known vulnerabilities in the operating systems and application software.

3.Cyber Threat Intelligence :

  • Threat intelligence, or cyber threat intelligence, is information an organization uses to understand the threats that have, will, or are currently targeting the organization. This info helps to prepare, prevent, and identify cyber threats looking to take advantage of valuable resources.

4.Security Operations Centre:

  • Security Operations Centre is a centralized unit that deals with security issues on an organizational and technical level. A SOC within a building or facility is a central location from where staff supervises the site, using data processing technology.

5.Incident Response:

  • Active monitoring of systems for intrusions or attacks.


  • This group ensures that the company’s policies match with the governmental and ethical standards.

7.Security Risk Assessment:

  • A security risk assessment identifies, assesses, and implements key security controls in applications. It also focuses on preventing application security defects and vulnerabilities. Carrying out a risk assessment allows an organization to view the application portfolio holistically—from an attacker’s perspective.

8.Security Audit:

  • These auditors make an audit based on the company’s policies and government regulations.

9.Cybersecurity Project Management:

  • The Cybersecurity Project Manager provides support to a cabinet-level federal agency. This position is responsible for managing office project implementations and for managing surge support positions and efforts. This includes coordinating staffing requirements and administration with the Division level managers.


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